History of Anzac tradition

27/04/2020 Posted by admin

LANDMARK: Anzac Day marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.The traditional Anzac ideals of courage, endurance and mateship, which are still relevant today, were established on April 25, 1915 when the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula.
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HEROES: Today Anzac Day commemorates the bravery and sacrifice of all Australian military personnel across historical conflicts.

It was the start of a campaign that lasted eight months and resulted in some 25,000 Australian casualties, including 8700 killed or subsequently died of wounds or disease.

The men who served on the Gallipoli Peninsula created a legend, adding the word ‘Anzac’ to our vocabulary and creating the notion of the Anzac spirit.

In 1916, the first anniversary of the landing was observed in Australia, New Zealand and England and by troops in Egypt.

That year, April 25 was officially named ‘Anzac Day’ by the Acting Prime Minister, George Pearce.

By the 1920s, Anzac Day ceremonies were held throughout Australia.

All States had designated Anzac Day as a public holiday.

In the 1940s, Second World War veterans joined parades around the country.

In the ensuing decades, returned servicemen and women from the conflicts in Korea, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq, plus veterans from allied countries and peacekeepers, joined the parades.

During the 1960s and 1970s, the number of people attending the ceremonies fell as Australians questioned the relevance of Anzac Day.

However, in the 1990s there was a resurgence of interest in Anzac Day, with attendances, particularly by young people, increasing across Australia and with many making the pilgrimage to Gallipoli.

The Centenary of Anzac 2014 to 2018 is Australia’s most important period of national commemoration.

Marking 100 years since our involvement in the First World War, the Anzac Centenary is a time to honour the service and sacrifice of our original ANZACs, and the generations of Australian servicemen and women who have defended our values and freedoms, in wars, conflicts and peace operations throughout a Century of Service.

Information provided by the Australian War Memorial.

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